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When Was Wundt's lab Founded?

Tradition in psychology has it that the first laboratory of psychology was founded in 1879 by Wilhelm Wundt. However, there have been debates among historians of psychology surrounding the founding date of Wundt's lab. Confusion mainly comes from the time gap between the date when Wundt came to the University of Leipzig (1875) and the date when first working research laboratory was explicitly devoted to experimental psychology (1879).

Although formal space for psychological experiments was not given from the University, some citations suggest that Wundt's lab was in operation as early as 1875, the year when Wundt came to the University of Leipzig. As an attempt to resolve the confusion related to the founding year of Wundt's lab, historians of psychology use a dual system clarifying both a de jure establishment and a de facto founding. Within the system, '1875' is commonly considered as the de jure establishment date and '1879' as the de facto founding year of Wundt's lab.

Which Lab Came First? Wundt's Lab or James' Lab?
Another controversy related to Wundt's lab involves its historical status as the first experimental psychology lab. William James claimed that his was in operation as early as 1874 at Harvard. However, the laboratory of James in the 1870s and 1880s was frequently evaluated to be ill equipped, and thus to hardly meet qualifications for a psychology laboratory.
Historical Changes of the Institute for Experimental Psychology,Univ. of Leipzig
In 1879, Wundt's lab had rooms provided by the university with appropriations and in the eighties went from four to six rooms with 19 students conducting research. However, subjects were not provided from the University, and thus experiments were conducted to the graduate students who were mutually serving one another.
In 1883, under the supervision of Wundt, the first doctoral degree was awarded to Max Friedrich who investigated the time-courses of individual psychological process at the Leipzig lab. In the same year, Volume I of the Journal Philosophische Studien was published.

The year of the first issue of psychology professional journal was a turning point for the fate of the Leipzig Psychology Institute. Since 1883, the institute became formally listed as one of the general university institutes, and an assistant could be hired. Furthermore, the workspace was expanded by two small rooms. The first assistant in the lab was the American James McKeen Cattell (1860-1944) who volunteered to be an assistant of the lab in 1886. From 1887 onwards the post of assistant was filled by Ludwig Lange (1863-1936), and soon was succeeded to Oswald Kulpe (1862-1915). After having undergone several brief changes of the personnel, the position was given to August Kirschmann (1860-1932) in 1888.

In the late 1890s, the reconstruction of the campus was planned and under way by the University of Leipzig. This university's rebuilding project brought about a big gain to Wundt's lab. Following the rebuilding of the University in 1896, the psychology institute was situated in the upper stories of the two buildings in such a way that the institute formed a connecting link between the two buildings, which included 2 large rooms for teaching purposes and 15 rooms for laboratory purposes. For a drawing of the Leipzig psychology institute in 1909 and brief descriptions of Wundt's lab, follow the link below.