|Marie Jahoda 1907|
Marie was born on January 26, 1907 to a Jewish family, and like many other psychologists of her time, grew up in Austria where oppression was rampant. This was a major factor of influence on her life. She attended the Pedagogical Academy of Vienna and the Doctoral program at the university of Vienna. She received a Doctor of Philosophy degree in 1933.Psychoanalysis was considered taboo for psychology students, but she was analyzed anyway.
She was involved in the Austrian socialist youth movement and the Social Democratic Party. She was arrested for her underground participation and the political implications of her research.
In 1949, she became an associate professor at New York University.
her studies include the psychological effects of unemployment. She identified
two psychological burdens of unemployment: the undermining of social status
and identity, and
She contributed to the meaning of positive mental health as well as introduced a four year approach to training psychology students and developed the first department of social psychology in Britain.