Conditioning & Learning
Classical & Operant Conditioning

 

Classical Conditioning

 Ivan Pavlov  Ivan Pavlov   (1849-1936) accidentally discovered classical conditioning   while studying digestive processes in dogs.   He discovered that dogs salivated before receiving their food.  In fact, after repeated pairing of the lab attendant and the food, the dogs started to salivate at the sight of the lab assistants.  

 John Watson John B. Watson (1878-1958) studied how classical conditioning could be applied to humans.  Watson’s experiment suggested that classical conditioning could explain the acquisition of some phobias .

  B.F. Skinner   B.F. Skinner (1904-1990) discovered operant conditioning by looking at how behavior can be adjusted through positive and negative reinforcement and punishment. 


History of Psychology   Schools of Thought Extensive timeline for the various schools of psychology. 


Cognitive Revolution   Cognitive Revolution   Comprehensive information about B.F. Skinner,  Noam Chomsky, and the Cognitive Revolution.


 


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Operant Conditioning 

 

Pioneers
Ivan Pavlov
John B. Watson
B.F. Skinner

 

Phobias

 

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References
Created By:  Amy Bauer & Christine Maracich